Manual Culture and Customs of the Philippines

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The basic social unit of the country is the family, which also includes the intermediate family members aunts, uncles, grandparents, cousins and other outside relations godparents and close friends. As such, many children have several godparents and when parents are out of the country to work, children are mostly left to the grandparents to watch over them. It is common for members of the same family to work for the same company, a practice which was influenced by the first Chinese settlers in the Philippines.

The Philippines: Culture and Tradition - Globalization Partners International

Filipino families live in different kinds of house structures depending on their status or area. For families in rural areas, they live in a nipa hut which is made of bamboo and roofed with leaves from palm trees or corrugated metal. Filipinos are big eaters, even though it is not obviously seen in their petite bodies. They love plain rice matched with salted fish, chicken and meat.


They serve rice first followed by the various viands they have grown to eat and cook. Filipinos have a very regular eating schedule: morning, mid-morning, lunch, afternoon merienda and dinner. The Philippines has a very unique culture due to the influences of colonization and the surrounding countries. Filipino people are very hardworking and strive to make life better for the next generation of their family. The melting pot theory that is evident in this culture makes this country a vibrant, exciting and diverse place to live and visit.

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Get started with our Quick Quote Calculator for a real time estimate. Skip to content Filipino people are known as settlers in many parts of the world. Language There are estimated languages spoken in the Philippines. Culture The Philippines is a country that has varied cultural influences. Music, Arts and Literature Filipinos are very fond of music. Celebrations Christmas is one of the most loved celebration by Filipinos.

Culture of the Philippines

Sports Filipinos are not only skilled when it comes to industry but also in sports. Individuals play the game by trying to get rid of all the cards by choosing poker hands wisely. Sungka is played on a board game using small sea shells in which players try to take all shells. The winner is determined by who has the most shells at the point when all small pits become empty. The "Salagubang gong" is a toy described by Charles Brtjes, an American entomologist , who traveled to Negros and discovered a toy using beetles to create a periodic gong effect on a kerosene can as the beetle rotates above the contraption.

Children will draw a sequence rectangles using chalk on the ground.

click here With various level of obstacle on each rectangle, children will compete against one another or in a team. Players use pamato; usually a flat stone, slipper or anything that could be toss easily. The Indigenous peoples of the Philippines consist of a large number of Austronesian ethnic groups. They are the descendants of the original Austronesian inhabitants of the Philippines, that settled in the islands thousands of years ago, and in the process have retained their Indigenous customs and traditions.

In , more than highland peoples constituted approximately three percent of the Philippine population. Over the centuries, the isolated highland peoples have retained their Indigenous cultures. The folk arts of these groups were, in a sense, the last remnants of Indigenous traditions that flourished throughout the Philippines before the Islamic and Spanish contacts. The highland peoples are a primitive ethnic group like other Filipinos, although they did not, as a group, have as much contact with the outside world.

These peoples displayed a variety of native cultural expressions and artistic skills. They showed a high degree of creativity such as the production of bowls, baskets, clothing, weapons and spoons. These peoples ranged from various groups of Igorot people, a group that includes the Bontoc, Ibaloi, Ifugao, Isneg, Kalinga and Kankana-ey, who built the Rice Terraces thousands of years ago. They have also covered a wide spectrum in terms of their integration and acculturation with Christian Filipinos. Other Indigenous peoples include the Lumad peoples of the highlands of Mindanao.

These groups have remained isolated from Western and Eastern influences. The Philippines, with the National Commission for Culture and the Arts as the de facto Ministry of Culture, [44] ratified the Convention after its formal deposit in August This prompted the proclamation of the Hudhud chant of the Ifugao in and Darangen epic chant of the Maranao in After the establishment of the Convention, all entries to the Proclamation of Masterpieces were incorporated in the Representative List of Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity in A third inscription was made in through a multinational nomination between Cambodia, the Philippines, the Republic of Korea and Viet Nam for the Tugging Rituals and Games , wherein the Punnuk , tugging ritual of the Ifugao was included.

The elements listed are the first batch of continuous updating process initiated by the government, UNESCO , and other stakeholders. In , the Pinagmulan was a finalist under the category of the Elfren S. The updating began in and results may be released in 5—10 years after the scientific process finishes the second batch of element documentations. On the contrary, the development and updating of inventories is an ongoing process that can never be finished. Between and , UNESCO's Intangible Cultural Heritage Courier of Asia and the Pacific featured the darangen epic chant, [48] punnuk tugging ritual, [49] and at least three kinds of traditional healing practices in the Philippines, including the manghihilot and albularyo healing practices and belief of buhay na tubig living water of the Tagalog people of 20th century Quezon city, [50] the baglan and mandadawak healing practices and stone beliefs of the Itneg people in Abra , [50] and the mantatawak healing practices of the Tagalog people of Marinduque.

An Overseas Filipino is a person of Filipino origin, who lives outside of the Philippines. This term is applied to people of Filipino ancestry, who are citizens or residents of a different country. Often, these Filipinos are referred to as Overseas Filipino Workers. There are about 11 million overseas Filipinos living worldwide, equivalent to about 11 percent of the total population of the Philippines.

Each year, thousands of Filipinos migrate to work abroad through overseas employment agencies and other programs. Other individuals emigrate and become permanent residents of other nations.

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Overseas Filipinos often work as doctors, nurses, accountants, IT professionals, engineers, architects, [54] entertainers, technicians, teachers, military servicemen, students, caregivers, domestic helpers, and household maids. International employment includes an increasing number of skilled Filipino workers taking on unskilled work overseas, resulting in what has been referred to as brain drain , particularly in the health and education sectors.

Also, the employment can result in underemployment , for example, in cases where doctors undergo retraining to become nurses and other employment programs. Festivals in the Philippines, locally known as fiestas , originated dating back to the Spanish colonial period when the Spaniards introduced Christianity to the country. Most Philippine towns and cities has a patron saint assigned to each of them. Fiestas in the Philippines serve as either religious, cultural, or both. These festivals are held to honor the patron saint or to commemorate history and culture, such as promoting local products and celebrate a bountiful harvest.

Fiestas can be categorized by Holy Masses , processions , parades , theatrical play and reenactments , religious or cultural rituals, trade fairs , exhibits , concerts , pageants and various games and contests. The Philippines is home to numerous heritage towns and cities, many of which have been intentionally destroyed by the Japanese through fire tactics in World War II and the Americans through bombings during the same war.

After the war, the government of the Empire of Japan withheld from giving funds to the Philippines for the restoration of the heritage towns they destroyed, effectively destroying any chances of restoration since the pre-war Philippines' economy was devastated and had limited monetary supply. On the other hand, the United States gave minimal funding for only two of the hundreds of cities they destroyed, namely, Manila and Baguio. Today, only the centres poblacion or downtown areas of Filipino heritage towns and cities remain in most of the expansive heritage cities and towns in the country.

Yet, some heritage cities in their former glory prior to the war still exist, such as the UNESCO city of Vigan which was the only heritage town saved from American bombing and Japanese fire and kamikaze tactics. Due to this, unaesthetic cement or shanty structures have taken over heritage buildings annually, destroying many former heritage townscapes.

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Only the heritage city of Vigan has a town law that guarantees its singular architecture the Vigan colonial style shall always be used in constructions and reconstructions. While Silay, [55] Iloilo City, and San Fernando de Pampanga have ordinances giving certain tax exemptions to owners of heritage houses.

In , the Philippine Cultural Heritage Act passed into law, effectively giving protections to all cultural heritage properties of the Philippines. However, despite its passage, many ancestral home owners continue to approve the demolition of ancestral structures.

In certain cases, government entities themselves were the purveyors of such demolitions. The bill is expected to pass into law by late or early as it was declared a priority legislation by both houses of Congress. If the bill reaches its deadline, a secretary of culture will be appointed by June—July Throughout the nation, there are many heritage cities and towns. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Culture of an area. Archaeology Prehistory — — —65 —86 —present. Mythology and folklore. Mythology folklore. Music and performing arts. Radio Television Cinema. World Heritage Sites Cultural properties Historical markers more.

Main article: Architecture of the Philippines. Main article: Religion in the Philippines.

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Main article: Philippine mythology. Main article: Tuli rite.

Main article: Art of the Philippines. Main article: Philippine dance. Main articles: Music in the Philippines and Harana serenade. Main article: Literature of the Philippines. Main article: Cinema of the Philippines. Main article: Filipino cuisine. Main articles: Education in the Philippines and Higher education in the Philippines.